Rspamd 1.6.0 has been released

2017-06-12 00:00:00 +0000

Today, we release the new major version 1.6.0 of Rspamd. The most significant change in this version is the addition of Milter protocol support in Rspamd. Therefore, Rmilter project is finally turned to the abandoned state and should not be used in new installations. All Rmilter users should consider migration to Rspamd milter support. This release has some incompatible changes so please check the migration guide.

Here is the list of most noticeable changes. The full list is available on the changes page.

Milter protocol support

From Rspamd 1.6, rspamd proxy worker supports milter protocol which is supported by some of the popular MTAs, such as Postfix or Sendmail. The introduction of this feature also finally obsoletes the Rmilter project in honor of the new integration method. Milter support is presented in rspamd_proxy only, however, there are two possibilities to use milter protocol:

  • Proxy mode (for large instances) with a dedicated scan layer
  • Self-scan mode (for small instances)

Here, we describe the simplest self-scan option:

In this mode, rspamd_proxy scans messages itself and talk to MTA directly using Milter protocol. The advantage of this mode is its simplicity. Here is a sample configuration for this mode:

# local.d/
milter = yes; # Enable milter mode
timeout = 120s; # Needed for Milter usually
upstream "local" {
  default = yes; # Self-scan upstreams are always default
  self_scan = yes; # Enable self-scan

For more advanced proxy usage, please see the corresponding documentation.

ARC support added

There is full support of ARC signatures and seals for emails scanned in Rspamd 1.6.0. ARC signatures can establish that a specific message has been signed and then forwarded by a number of trusted relays. There is a good overview of the ARC standard here:

Rspamd ARC module supports both verification and signing for outbound messages. Its configuration is very similar to dkim_signing module.

New statistics model for Redis storage

Rspamd 1.6 includes experimental support for new tokens storage in Redis. In this scheme, it is easier to get data about specific tokens and perform tokens expiration. However, this support is not enabled by default in this release but you can try it as well as Bayes expiration plugin by yourself. In future releases, this model will be the default and you will be able to convert the existing storage to the new scheme without data loss.

New expiration algorithm for internal caches

Rspamd now has an implementation of Least Frequently Used (LFU) algorithm instead of the classic Least Recently Used (LRU) used before. The idea comes from the Redis server where it has been used for a long time. With this algorithm, Rspamd will cache frequently used items for longer time and the overall performance of the caches is expected to be better.

DMARC reports support

DMARC module now supports reports sending (using SMTP smarthost) for specific domains and policies. There are many options available for fine tuning of these reports content, frequency, domains and many other. DMARC reports are intended to provide better feedback for the resources that are using DMARC (e.g. from their recipients. Namely, they can detect some phishing trends and react to them somehow.

Spam trap plugin

New plugin spam trap has been added to Rspamd to simplify spamtraps organization. This plugin allows to learn fuzzy storages or/and Bayes from some honeypots.

URL redirector improvements

There are various changes in url redirector module. Namely, it now expires processing items more aggressively to avoid leftovers. Some of dependency issues have also been resolved. Furthermore, this plugin now has a list of top redirection destinations allowing to deal with some bad URLs exploited by spammers.

Multiple metrics support has been removed from Rspamd

From version 1.6, multiple metrics support is now completely removed from Rspamd. The only valid metric is now default. This feature has never ever been used since version 0.2 of Rspamd, however, it consumed some resources and introduced extra complicatinons to the protocol and configuration.

Hence, this feature has been removed and the new endpoint /checkv2 has been added to the protocol. The legacy /check and /symbols endpoints are still using old protocol definition and they will be used for backward compatibility in future.

Compression support in proxy

Rspamd proxy now supports transport compression when sending messages to the scanning layer.

Various performance improvements

Here is a list of significant performance related changes:

  • Hfilter regular expressions now can use hyperscan
  • DKIM body hash is now cached to improve multiple signatures support
  • Snowball stemmers are also cached for better performance


Here is a list of other changes made in this release:

  • Various rules fixes (FORWARDED, URI_COUNT_ODD and others)
  • Bugfixes and other improvements
  • New Lua API functions

IP changed for

2017-05-15 00:00:00 +0000


We have migrated hardware that served site and related services including fuzzy storage.

Problem description

All Rspamd users who are using fuzzy storage might see the following messages in the log:

fuzzy_check_timer_callback: got IO timeout with server, after 3 retransmits

Normally, Rspamd re-resolves hostnames in this case. However, if there is a single server specified (as enabled by default) there is no resolving on errors. Unfortunately, this bug has been fixed merely in the master branch and is not released in the stable versions yet.

Potential outcome

The quality of filtering might be temporary reduced as fuzzy storage helps to filter certain spam types.


You just need to restart Rspamd and it will use the new IP address as intended. We do apologise for any inconveniences caused.

Rspamd 1.5.3 has been released

2017-03-17 00:00:00 +0000

We have released the new stable version of Rspamd today. It includes couple of important fixes and improvements. Here is the list of the most important ones.

Base64 decoding fix

We have found and resolved a serious flaw in the current base64 decoder in Rspamd. It could lead to the corrupted output in case if decoder finds out some non base64 characters, for example, spaces or newlines. This bug could affect statistics, fuzzy checks and couple of other fields in Rspamd. Hence, we recommend to update to 1.5.3 as soon as possible.

Redis history

This release includes experimental feature that allows to save history in Redis. There is the initial WebUI support of this feature, however, it is not now enabled by default. In future, we plan to enable it and to enchance history with a set of new options:

  • displaying of sender and recipient in history table;
  • support of symbols options;
  • clustered history;
  • dynamic load of history rows;
  • compressed history;

All these features are implemented for the backend part (namely, Rspamd controller) but it still requires some major rework of the web interface itself, therefore, this work is postponed till the next version.

Dkim plugin improvements

DKIM signing module now supports the type of private key passed to the module: in addition to PEM format stored in a file, DKIM signing now supports raw keys, base64 encoded keys and PEM keys from raw strings.

DKIM signing now also supports maps for selecting domains to sign.

Other plugins improvements

  • greylist plugin now supports excluding low-scoring messages from greylisting
  • whitelist plugin can now load list of maps
  • ratelimit plugin now excludes greylisted messages
  • metadata exporter uses rule-specific settings for emails
  • metadata exporter can now use non-ASCII characters in reports

Rules update

Here is the list of rules that are fixed or reworked:

  • URI_COUNT_ODD rule now excludes visual URLs which reduces its FP rate
  • RCPT_COUNT* and HAS_X_PRIO* rules are reworked to the normal Rspamd symbols conventions
  • misc.lua has been split to multiple modules that share the common rules

Other bugs fixes

  • imported important fixes for ac-trie module
  • fixed local networks proxying
  • fixed memory corruption in periodic tasks during worker cleanup phase
  • fixed subject rewriting
  • improved zstd lua API to avoid extra reallocation

Rspamd 1.5 has been released

2017-03-01 00:00:00 +0000

We are pleased to announce the new major Rspamd release 1.5 today. This release includes a lot of major reworks, new cool features and a significant number of bugs being fixed. The update from the previous versions shouldn’t be hard, however, please check the migration document to be sure that the new version will not break the existing configuration.

Here is a list of major changes for this version.

New MIME parser

Rspamd has used the GMime library for a very long time but we decided to switch to from it for several reasons.

The main problem is that Rspamd requires very precise control of MIME parsing as it has to deal with broken messages not for displaying purposes but for extracting data from them. This procedure has some simplifications and some complications comparing to a generic MIME parser, such as GMime: for example, we do not need to support streaming mode but we have to deal with many non-standard messages that are intended to be parsed incorrectly by some adversary side, e.g. spammers. The current architecture is described here:

Through use of the new parser, Rspamd can now deal with the following messages:

  1. Messages with redundant Content-Type headers:
Content-Type: text/plain
Content-Type: multipart/alternative

Currently, Rspamd always prefers multipart types over plain types and text types unless there is not specific binary type (e.g. if there is text/plain and application/octet-stream)

  1. Messages with broken multipart structures:
    • new parts after closing boundary (e.g. attachment in multipart/mixed after the closing part)
    • incorrect inheritance
    • incorrect multipart type (now Rspamd just ignores the exact multipart/* type)
  2. Filenames that are badly encoded (non-utf8)
  3. Incorrect Content-Transfer-Encoding (now heuristic based):
    • 8bit when content is Base64
    • base64 or qp when content is 8bit
  4. Bad Content-Type, e.g. text
  5. Messages with no headers or messages with no body
  6. Messages with mixed newlines in headers and/or body

Switching from libiconv to libicu

Rspamd has switched charset conversion from libiconv to libicu. This allowed to speed up the conversion time since libicu is much faster (~100MB of text from windows-1251 to utf-8):

0,83s user 0,08s system 98% cpu 0,921 total - iconv
0,36s user 0,07s system 95% cpu 0,450 total - libicu

Furthermore, switching to libicu allowed for implementation of many useful features:

  • heuristic charset detection (NGramms for 1byte charsets);
  • visual obfuscation detector (e.g. -> gоо
  • better IDNA processing
  • better unicode manipulation

WebUI rework

The Web interface has been reworked for better representation and configuration:

  • The web interface now supports displaying & aggregating statistics from a cluster of Rspamd machines
  • The internal structure of the Web Interface has changed to a set of modules so that new features could be implemented without touching the overall logic
  • The throughput graph has been improved and now displays a small pie chart for the specified time range

Lua TCP module rework

In Rspamd 1.5 Lua TCP module now supports complex protocols with dialogs and states similar to AnyEvent module in Perl. For example, it is now possible to set a reaction for each communication stage and perform full SMTP or IMAP dialog.

URL redirector module

URL shorteners and redirectors are part of the modern email ecosystem and they are widely used in many emails, both legitimate and not (e.g. in Spam and Phishing). Rspamd has an old and outdated utility service that is intended to resolve such redirects called It is written in Perl and hasn’t been updated for a long time. It has a long dependencies list and performs a lot of unnecessary tasks. In Rspamd 1.5, there is a new lightweight lua redirector module which is intented to resolve URLs redirect in a more efficient and simple way. Dereferenced links are processed by SURBL module and added as tags for other modules. Redis is used for caching. This module is not enabled by default so far, but it can easily be enabled by placing redirector_hosts_map = "/etc/rspamd/"; in /etc/rspamd/local.d/surbl.conf.

Rmilter headers module

The Rmilter headers module provides an easy way to add common headers; support is available for Authentication-Results, SpamAssassin-compatible headers and user-defined headers among others.

DKIM signing module

The DKIM signing module provides a simple policy-based approach to DKIM signing similar to Rmilter. It supports multiple cool features, for example, you can now store your DKIM keys in Redis.

Force actions module

The Force actions module provides a way to force actions for messages based on flexible conditions (an expression consisting of symbols to verify presence/absence of & the already-assigned action of a message), optionally setting SMTP messages & rewritten subjects.

Reworked & improved metadata exporter

Configuration of this module has been reworked to provide more flexible operation & library functions have been added to provide JSON-formatted general message metadata, e-Mail alerts and more - making this module readily useful for quarantines, logging & alerting.

URL tags plugin

URLs can now be assigned tags and it is the job of the URL tags plugin to persist these in Redis for a period of time; which could be used to avoid redundant checks.

URL reputation plugin

The URL reputation plugin filters URLs for relevance and assigns dynamic reputation to selected TLDs which is persisted in Redis.

Multimap ‘received’ maps

Now multimap can be used to match information extracted from Received headers (which could be filtered based on their position in the message). It is also possible to use SMTP HELO messages in maps for this module. There are also new URL filters, SMTP message setup depending on map data and the ability to skip archives checks for certain filetypes or maps.

Changes in RBL module

Support has been added for using hashes in email and helo RBLs (so that information which can’t be represented in a DNS record could be queried).

Support for Avira SAVAPI in antivirus module

Rspamd antivirus module now supports AVIRA antivirus. This code has been contributed by Christian Rößner.

Neural net plugin improvements

We have fixed couple of issues in the neural network plugin allowing to have multiple configurations in the cluster. We have also fixed couple of issues with storing and loading of learning vectors especially in errors handling paths. New metatokens have been added to improve neural network classification quality.

Fuzzy matching for images

Rspamd fuzzy hashing now support matching of the images attached to emails checked. To enable this feature, Rspamd should be built with libgd support (provided by the pre-built packages). However, this feature is not currently enabled by default as it seems to be too aggressive when used in conjunction with large fuzzy storages producing a lot of false positive hits.

New rules

There are couple of new rules added to Rspamd 1.5:

  • OMOGRAPH_URL: detects visually confusable URLs
  • FROM_NAME_HAS_TITLE: fixed title match

Rspamadm grep

A grep-like tool inspired by exigrep has been added to rspamadm- see rspamadm grep --help for usage information: this provides a convenient way to produce logically collated logs based on search strings/regular expressions.

Performance improvements

There are number of improvements regarding the performance of processing:

  • Base64 decoder now has sse4.2 and avx backends
  • Better internal caching of various ‘heavy’ objects
  • Switching to a faster hash function t1ha
  • Enabled link time optimizations for the pre-built packages
  • Bundled luajit 2.1 which has significant performance improvements to the provided Debian packages

Stability improvements and bug fixes

We constantly improve the stability of Rspamd and in this version we have fixed number of issues related to the graceful reload. Historically, this command has very poor support and there were a number of issues related to memory leaks and corruptions that could occur during reload. In this release, we have fixed a lot of such issues, therefore, you can use reload more safely now. We have also eliminated various issues related to unicode processing, Lua API, signals race conditions and other important problems found by Rspamd users.

Rspamd 1.4.1 has been released

2016-11-30 00:00:00 +0000

The next stable release 1.4.1 of Rspamd is available to download. This release includes various bugfixes and couple of new cool features. The most notable new feature is the Clickhouse plugin.

Clickhouse plugin

This plugin is intended to export scan data to the clickhouse column oriented database. This feature allows to perform very deep analysis of data and use advanced statistical tool to examine your mail flows and the efficiency of Rspamd. For example, you can find the most abused domains, the largest spam senders, the attachments statistics, URLs statistics and so on and so forth. The module documentation includes some samples of what you can do with this tool.

Universal maps

It was not very convenient that maps could only contain references to external resources. From the version 1.4.1, you can also embed maps into the configuration to simplify small maps definitions:

map = ["elt1", "elt2" ...]; # Embedded map
map = "/some/"; # External map

Lua modules debugging improvements

You can now specify lua modules in debug_modules to investigate some concrete module without global debug being enabled

New rules

Steve Freegard has added a bunch of new rules useful for the actual spam trends, including such rules as:

  • Freemail and disposable emails addresses
  • Common Message-ID abuse
  • Compromised hosts rules
  • Rules for upstream services that have already run spam checks
  • Commonly abused patterns in From, To and other headers
  • Suspicious subjects
  • MIME misusages

Multiple fixes to the ANN module

Neural networks has been fixed to work in a distributed environment. Couple of consistency bugs have been found and eliminated during Redis operations.

Other bugfixes

There are couple of other bugs and memory leaks that were fixed in this release. Please check the full release notes for details.