Antivirus module

Antivirus module (new in Rspamd 1.4) provides integration with virus scanners. Currently supported are ClamAV, F-Prot, Sophos (via SAVDI) and Avira (via SAVAPI).


By default, given Redis is configured globally and antivirus is not explicitly disabled in redis configuration, results are cached in Redis according to message checksums.

Settings should be added to /etc/rspamd/local.d/antivirus.conf:

# local.d/antivirus.conf

# multiple scanners could be checked, for each we create a configuration block with an arbitrary name
first {
  # If set force this action if any virus is found (default unset: no action is forced)
  # action = "reject";
  # message = '${SCANNER}: virus found: "${VIRUS}"';
  # Scan mime_parts seperately - otherwise the complete mail will be transfered to AV Scanner
  #attachments_only = true; # Before 1.8.1
  #scan_mime_parts = true; # After 1.8.1
  # Scanning Text is suitable for some av scanner databases (e.g. Sanesecurity)
  #scan_text_mime = false; # 1.8.1 +
  #scan_image_mime = false; # 1.8.1 +
  # If `max_size` is set, messages > n bytes in size are not scanned
  #max_size = 20000000;
  # symbol to add (add it to metric if you want non-zero weight)
  symbol = "CLAM_VIRUS";
  # type of scanner: "clamav", "fprot", "sophos" or "savapi"
  type = "clamav";
  # If set true, log message is emitted for clean messages
  #log_clean = false;
  # Prefix used for caching in Redis: scanner-specific defaults are used. If Redis is enabled and
  # multiple scanners of the same type are present, it is important to set prefix to something unique.
  #prefix = "rs_cl_";
  # For "savapi" you must also specify the following variable
  #product_id = 12345;
  # servers to query (if port is unspecified, scanner-specific default is used)
  # can be specified multiple times to pool servers
  # can be set to a path to a unix socket
  servers = "";
  # if `patterns` is specified virus name will be matched against provided regexes and the related
  # symbol will be yielded if a match is found. If no match is found, default symbol is yielded.
  patterns {
    # symbol_name = "pattern";
    JUST_EICAR = '^Eicar-Test-Signature$';
  # In version 1.7.0+ patterns could be a list for ordered matching
  #patterns = [{SANE_MAL = 'Sanesecurity\.Malware\.*'}, {CLAM_UNOFFICIAL = 'UNOFFICIAL$'}];
  # `whitelist` points to a map of IP addresses. Mail from these addresses is not scanned.
  whitelist = "/etc/rspamd/antivirus.wl";

Sophos SAVDI specific details

From the version 1.7.2, there are 2 special configuration parameters for handling SAVDI warnings / error messages in the sophos section: savdi_report_encrypted and savdi_report_oversized. When enabled pseudo virus names (SAVDI_FILE_OVERSIZED, SAVDI_FILE_ENCRYPTED) will be set in case Sophos reports encrypted file or the file is bigger than maxscandata in the scanprotocol section of the SAVDI configuration file.

If you don’t want to handle those pseudo virus names like everything else you could use patterns to set a different symbol and maybe set a score or use the symbol in force_actions.

# local.d/antivirus.conf

sophos {
  savdi_report_encrypted = true;
  savdi_report_encrypted = true;

  patterns {
    # symbol_name = "pattern";

SAVAPI specific details

The default SAVAPI configuration has a listening unix socket. You should change this to a TCP socket. The option “ListenAddress” in savapi.conf shows some examples. Per default this module expects the socket at You can change this by setting it in the “servers” variable as seen above.

You also need to set the “product_id” that should match with the id for your HBEDV.key file. If you leave this, the default value is “0” and checking will fail with a log message that the given id was invalid.