RBL module

The RBL module provides support for checking the IPv4/IPv6 source address of a message’s sender against a set of RBLs as well as various less conventional methods of using RBLs: against addresses in Received headers; against the reverse DNS name of the sender and against the parameter used for HELO/EHLO at SMTP time.

Configuration is structured as follows:

# local.d/rbl.conf
# default settings defined here
rbls {
# 'rbls' subsection under which the RBL definitions are nested
	an_rbl {
			# rbl-specific subsection 
	}
	# ...
}

The default settings define the ways in which the RBLs are used unless overridden in an RBL-specific subsection.

Defaults may be set for the following parameters (default values used if these are not set are shown in brackets - note that these may be redefined in the default config):

  • default_ipv4 (true)

Use this RBL to test IPv4 addresses.

  • default_ipv6 (false)

Use this RBL to test IPv6 addresses.

  • default_received (true)

Use this RBL to test IPv4/IPv6 addresses found in Received headers. The RBL should also be configured to check one/both of IPv4/IPv6 addresses.

  • default_from (false)

Use this RBL to test IPv4/IPv6 addresses of message senders. The RBL should also be configured to check one/both of IPv4/IPv6 addresses.

  • default_rdns (false)

Use this RBL to test reverse DNS names of message senders (hostnames passed to rspamd should have been validated with a forward lookup, particularly if this is to be used to provide whitelisting).

  • default_helo (false)

Use this RBL to test parameters sent for HELO/EHLO at SMTP time.

  • default_dkim (false)

Use this RBL to test domains found in validated DKIM signatures.

  • default_dkim_domainonly (true)

If true test top-level domain only, otherwise test entire domain found in DKIM signature.

  • default_emails (false)

Use this RBL to test email addresses in form [localpart].[domainpart].[rbl] or if set to “domain_only” uses [domainpart].[rbl].

  • default_unknown (false)

If set to false, do not yield a result unless the response received from the RBL is defined in its related returncodes {} subsection, else return the default symbol for the RBL.

  • default_exclude_users (false)

If set to true, do not use this RBL if the message sender is authenticated.

  • default_exclude_private_ips (true)

If true, do not use the RBL if the sending host address is in local_addrs & do not check received headers baring these addresses.

  • default_exclude_local (true)

If true & local_exclude_ip_map has been set - do not use the RBL if the sending host address is in the local IP list & do not check received headers baring these addresses.

  • default_is_whitelist (false)

If true matches on this list should neutralise any listings where this setting is false and ignore_whitelists is not true.

  • default_ignore_whitelists (false)

If true this list should not be neutralised by whitelists.

Other parameters which can be set here are:

  • local_exclude_ip_map

Can be set to a URL of a list of IPv4/IPv6 addresses & subnets not to be considered as local exclusions by exclude_local checks.

  • hash

(new in 1.5) Valid for helo and emails RBL types - lookup hashes instead of literal strings. Possible values for this parameter are sha1, sha256, sha384, sha512 and md5 or any other value for the default hashing algorithm.

  • disable_monitoring

(new in 1.6) boolean value that disables monitoring completely

  • monitored_address

(new in 1.6) fixed address to check for absence (1.0.0.127 by default)

RBL-specific subsection is structured as follows:

# Descriptive name of RBL or symbol if symbol is not defined.
an_rbl {
	# Explicitly defined symbol
	symbol = "SOME_SYMBOL";
	# RBL-specific defaults (where different from global defaults)
	#The global defaults may be overridden using 'helo' to override 'default_helo' and so on.
	ipv6 = true;
	ipv4 = false;
	# Address used for RBL-testing
	rbl = "v6bl.example.net";
	# Possible responses from RBL and symbols to yield
	returncodes {
		# Name_of_symbol = "address";
		EXAMPLE_ONE = "127.0.0.1";
		EXAMPLE_TWO = "127.0.0.2";
	}
}

The following extra settings are valid in the RBL subsection:

  • disabled

If set, the RBL is not used. Use this to disable specific RBLs in local.d/rbl.conf. For example:

rbls {
	spamhaus {
		disabled = true;
	}
}
  • whitelist_exception

(For whitelists) - Symbols named as parameters for this setting will not be used for neutralising blacklists (set this multiple times to add multiple exceptions).